Valium has become one of the most popular prescription drugs around. It’s also one of the most abused. But what is it and where does it come from?
Valium is the brand name for diazepam, which is from the benzodiazepine family. Prazepam, lorazepam, quazepam, medazepam and clonazepam are also part of that same family, all producing different effects and with longer or shorter acting results making them better suited for different uses from treating insomnia to anxiety.
Benzodiazepines are a psychoactive drug whose core chemical structure is a mix of benzene and diazepine. They work by enhancing the effect of the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid, resulting in a sedative, anti-anxiety, anticonvulsant, muscle relaxant or amnesic state.
Diazepam possesses anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, hypnotic, sedative, muscle relaxant and amnesic properties. This makes it helpful in treating anxiety, insomnia, seizures, muscle spasms, restless leg syndrome, alcohol withdrawal and benzodiazepine withdrawal. It may also be used to reduce tension prior to some medical procedures.
Diazepam is generally safe and effective in the short term, but there can be cognitive impairments and aggression or a lack of inhibition can occur. Long-term use is not recommended, in part because benzodiazepines are prone to cause tolerance or physical dependence. Long-time users can also experience withdrawal symptoms. Benzodiazepines like diazepam are particularly dangerous when combined with other central nervous system depressants like alcohol and opiates.
Valium Addiction Help
Valium is a powerful drug and addiction is a danger when used for an extended period or for reasons other than prescribed. If you or someone you love has developed an addiction to a prescription medication, call The Oaks at La Paloma at our toll-free number. Someone is there to take your call 24 hours a day and answer any questions you have about treatment, financing or insurance.
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